Stomp Out the Silence
Standing UP and Speaking OUT to Stomp OUT Childhood Sexual Abuse

     
What is childhood sexual abuse?  
 
Child sexual abuse includes:
any sexual act between an adult and a minor, or between two minors, when one exerts power over the other.
• forcing, coercing or persuading a child to engage in any type of sexual act
• non-contact acts such as exhibitionism, exposure to pornography, voyeurism, and communicating in a sexual manner by phone or Internet.

How BIG is the Problem?


Child sexual abuse is likely the most prevalent health problem children face with the most serious array of
consequences.


About one in 10 children will be sexually abused before their 18th birthday.

About one in seven girls and one in 25 boys will be sexually abused before they turn 18*

This year, there will be about 400,000* babies born in the U.S. that will become victims of child sexual abuse unless we do something to stop it.

Who are the Perpetrators?


Only 7% of sexually abused children are abused
by a stranger.


Approximately 30% of children who are sexually
abused are abused by family members. 


Family members also accounted for 23% of those
abusing children ages 12 to 17.


About 60% of children who are sexually abused are abused by the people the family trusts

What are the Consequences?


Children who are sexually abused are at significantly
greater risk for later posttraumatic stress and other anxiety symptoms, depression and suicide attempts.


A number of studies have found that adolescents with a
history of child sexual abuse demonstrate a three to
a fourfold increase in rates of substance
abuse/dependence.


Studies indicate that sexual abuse exposure among children and adolescents is associated with high school absentee rates, more grade retention, increased need for special education services, and difficulty with school adaptation.

Girls who are sexually abused are 2.2 times as likely as nonabused peers to become teen mothers.

Female adult survivors of child sexual abuse are nearly
three times more likely to report substance use problems
(40.5% versus 14% in general population.)


Male adult child sexual abuse victims are 2.6 times more
likely to report substance use problems (65% versus 25% in general population).


Adult women who were sexually abused as a child are more than twice as likely to suffer from depression as women who were not sexually abused.

Adults with a history of child sexual abuse are more than
twice as likely to report a suicide attempt.


Females who are sexually abused are three times more likely to develop psychiatric disorders than females who are not sexually abused.




When & Where does it happen?


81% of child sexual abuse incidents for all ages occur in one-perpetrator/on-child circumstances.

6 to 11-year-old children are most likely (23%) to be abused in multiple-victim circumstances.


Most sexual abuse of children occurs in a residence, typically that of the victim or perpetrator -
84% for children age 12 to 17.

As many as 40% of children who are sexually abused are abused by older or more powerful children.

Juveniles who commit sex offenses against other
children are more likely than adult sex offenders to
offend in groups, to offend at schools, and to have
more male victims and younger victims.


One in seven incidents of sexual assault perpetrated by juveniles occurs on school days in the after-school hours between 3 and 7 p.m., with a peak from 3 to 4 p.m.
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